Academic Editors: Sophie Mavrogeni and Gaston Rodriguez-Granillo
Thalassemia major is the most common monogenetic disorder worldwide, manifested as chronic hemolytic anemia. This condition leads to the need for chronic blood transfusion to be monitored for an iron overload that may be stored in several tissues and organs, including cardiomyocytes, that might cause a broad spectrum of cardiac iron toxicities such as heart failure conduction delays, myocarditis, and arrhythmias. Non-invasive imaging modalities have their benefits and limitations. Each modality complements and generates a comprehensive diagnostic and monitoring of cardiac siderosis in thalassemia major patients.