IMR Press / RCM / Volume 17 / Issue 3-4 / DOI: 10.3909/ricm0843

Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine (RCM) is published by IMR Press from Volume 19 Issue 1 (2018). Previous articles were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with MedReviews, LLC.

Open Access Case Review
Myocardial Bridge Complicated by Acute Myocardial Infarction
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1 Department of Cardiology, Schuechtermann Clinic, Bad Rothenfelde, Germany
2 University Witten/Herdecke, Witten, Germany
3 Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA
4 Division of Cardiology, Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Decatur, GA
Rev. Cardiovasc. Med. 2016, 17(3-4), 149–153;
Published: 30 September 2016
Typically, myocardial bridging (MB) is considered a relatively benign condition; however, serious complications such as angina pectoris, myocardial infarction (MI), and sudden cardiac death may occur. The diagnosis and appropriate treatment of this pathology are important. We report a case of acute anterior wall ST-elevation MI occurring as a complication of MB involving the mid segment of the left anterior descending artery in a young, otherwise healthy woman who underwent a primary stenting procedure. Pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying the process leading from MB to acute MI vary, and so should the therapy for those patients. Coronary angiography, intravascular ultrasound, and, potentially, optical coherence tomography should be used to assist in establishing an accurate diagnosis in these complex patients and should guide the therapeutic decision in acute settings.
Myocardial bridge
Myocardial infarction
Sudden cardiac death
ST-elevation myocardial infarction
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