IMR Press / JOMH / Volume 18 / Issue 9 / DOI: 10.31083/j.jomh1809185
Open Access Original Research
Prediction of Physical Characteristics, Cognitive Function and Community Participation on Mental Health State of Frail Male Elderly Outpatients
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1 National University of Tainan Department of Information and Learning Technology, National University of Tainan, 700 Tainan, Taiwan
2 Mi Bao Postpartum Nursing Care Center, Head Nurse of Nursing Care Center, Care Center of Postpartum Nursing, 730 Tainan, Taiwan
3 School of Nursing, College of Nursing, National Taipei, University of Nursing and Health Sciences, 112 Taipei, Taiwan
4 National University of Tainan Department of Information and Learning Technology, 700 Tainan, Taiwan
5 Department of Family Medicine, Saint Paul’s Hospital, Taoyuan District, 330 Taoyuan, Taiwan
*Correspondence: linda@ntunhs.edu.tw (Shu-Fang Chang); cygau0308@gmail.com (Ching-Yun Kao)
J. Mens. Health 2022, 18(9), 185; https://doi.org/10.31083/j.jomh1809185
Submitted: 2 March 2022 | Revised: 18 April 2022 | Accepted: 25 April 2022 | Published: 6 September 2022
Copyright: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.
Abstract

Background: It has been pointed out that the elderly with frailty are more likely to be at risk of depression than the elderly without frailty. There are few researches that explored the predictability of physical characteristics, cognitive function, and community participation on the mental health state of male elderly outpatients with frailty. The purpose of this study was to explore the predictability of the basic attributes, physical characteristics, cognitive function, and community participation on the mental health state of male elderly outpatients with frailty. Methods: Through purposive sampling, the questionnaires were distributed and collected in the internal medicine clinic of a teaching hospital in northern Taiwan to include a total of 190 male elders as the cases of this study. The data collection included basic attributes, physical characteristics, cognitive function, community participation, and mental health state evaluation. Results: The results of the study show that scores of the male elderly with frailty were statistically different in mental health state in terms of age (t = –3.54, p < 0.001), domicile (t = 15.99, p < 0.001), income (t = 7.81, p < 0.005), self-perceived health status (t = 35.39, p < 0.001), drinking (t = 7.03, p < 0.05); left hand muscle strength (t = 2.15, p < 0.05), average muscle strength of both hands (t = 2.03, p < 0.05); in terms of physical characteristics between the instrumental activities of daily living total score (t = 5.03, p < 0.001) and instrumental activities of daily living scale grouping (t = 14.82, p < 0.001), and cognitive function score (t = 2.87, p < 0.005), as well as for community participation in Control (t = 2.57, p < 0.05), wholehearted devotion (t = 2.13, p < 0.05) and Community participation grouping (t = 5.66, p < 0.05). In addition, self-perceived good and normal health status (OR = 0.09, p = 0.004; OR = 0.12, p = 0.026), mild disability (OR = 4.74, p = 0.021), and mild dementia (OR = 0.18, p = 0.044) can all predict the mental health state of the elderly. Conclusions: Self-perceived health status, mild disability, and mild dementia could predict the mental health state of the male elderly with frailty and is worthy of attention.

Keywords
frailty
male
physical characteristics
cognitive function
community participation
mental health state
Funding
110D003-3/ Saint Paul’s Hospital
CTH111AKNHS-2232/ Cardinal Tien Hospital
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