IMR Press / JOMH / Volume 18 / Issue 8 / DOI: 10.31083/j.jomh1808172
Open Access Original Research
Mediating Effect of Competitive State Anxiety on the Relationship between Mood States and Perceived Performance Experienced by Asian Male Baseball Players from Universities in Choking under Pressure Situations
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1 Sport Coaching Science, Graduate School of Health and Sport Science, Nippon Sport Science University, 158-8508 Tokyo, Japan
2 Department of Wellness Sports Science, School of Wellness Industry Convergence, Hankyong National University, 17579 Anseong-si, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea
*Correspondence: (Hanbeom Kim)
J. Mens. Health 2022, 18(8), 172;
Submitted: 24 April 2022 | Revised: 23 May 2022 | Accepted: 27 May 2022 | Published: 10 August 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical and Mental Health in Sports)
Copyright: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.

This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.


Background: The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationships between mood states and competitive state anxiety and perceived performance in Asian male baseball players from universities in choking under pressure situations during a game. An additional aim was to identify the mediating effect of competitive state anxiety on such relationships. Methods: A questionnaire was administered to 209 male baseball players from universities who wanted to enter a professional league. The mean age of study subjects was 20.25 years. Structural equation modeling and bootstrapping analyses were used to test hypotheses and analyze the mediation effect. Results: First, among mood states, higher confusion and higher tension predicted higher competitive state anxiety. Second, mood states had no significant influence on perceived performance. Third, higher competitive state anxiety predicted lower perceived performance. Lastly, competitive state anxiety had a complete mediating effect on the relationship between mood states and perceived performance. Conclusions: To help athletes perform to the best of their ability, psychological interventions should be provided with a greater focus on reducing competitive state anxiety during a game. And we believe that an intervention program with a greater focus on competitive state anxiety can provide a more realistic and effective assistance scheme which will prevent a sudden decrement in performance.

Asian male baseball players
mood states
competitive state anxiety
perceived performance
choking under pressure
Fig. 1.
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