IMR Press / JOMH / Volume 18 / Issue 7 / DOI: 10.31083/j.jomh1807156
Open Access Original Research
The Influence of BMI Levels on the Values of Static and Dynamic Balance for Students (Men) of the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports
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1 Department of Individual Sports and Physical Therapy, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, “Dunarea de Jos'' University of Galati, 800008 Galati, Romania
2 Department of Chemistry, Physics and the Environment, Faculty of Sciences and Environment, “Dunarea de Jos'' University of Galati, 800008 Galati, Romania
3 Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medical Bioengineering, University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Grigore T. Popa'' Iasi, 700454 Iasi, Romania
4 Doctoral School of Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Protection “Cristofor Simionescu'', Technical University “Gheorghe Asachi'' Iasi, 700050 Iasi, Romania
5 Department of Physiotherapy, Micromedica Clinic, 610119 Piatra Neamt, Romania
*Correspondence: gabriel.murariu@ugal.ro (Gabriel Murariu)
These authors contributed equally.
J. Mens. Health 2022, 18(7), 156; https://doi.org/10.31083/j.jomh1807156
Submitted: 16 April 2022 | Revised: 19 May 2022 | Accepted: 2 June 2022 | Published: 13 July 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exercise and sports in men: from health to sports performance)
Copyright: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.
Abstract

Background: Postural stability is a factor that conditions the motor performance of athletes and of different categories of the population involved in activities that require physical effort. The aim of the study is to highlight the differences that appear in terms of balance performance for students, depending on their classification on BMI levels. Methods: A group of 109 students from the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports (1st year undergraduate) participated in this study at the end of the academic year (May, 2019), being divided following the anthropometric assessment into 3 groups related to BMI levels (7 cases of underweight, BMI = 17.21 ± 1.11; 83 cases of normal weight, BMI = 22.29 ± 1.56; 19 cases of overweight, BMI = 27.97 ±2.89). The research is cross-sectional, using the MANOVA statistical calculation procedure (multivariate and univariate test—with Bonferroni Post Hoc Test and comparison of significance between the mean values of the 3 defined groups, for the 7 applied balance tests). Results: Univariate test results indicate values of F associated with statistically insignificant thresholds (p > 0.05) for most of the tests used, with weak and very weak values of size effect (Ƞ2p). This aspect is also reinforced by the differences between the averages of the analyzed pairs, where only the statistically significant superiority (p < 0.05) of the underweight over the overweight for the Stork test is noticed. The underweight group achieves slightly superior performance in the assessments for Standing balance test, Stork test, Flamingo test, Walk and turn field sobriety test, and that of the normal weight for Functional reach test and Bass test, the overweight having the poorest results in most tests; the differences between the 3 BMI levels analyzed are insignificant (p > 0.05). Conclusions: Even if underweight and normal weight have better average scores than overweight, the lack of statistical significance of these differences can be explained by student specialization, constant involvement in physical performance, curricular or leisure activities improving performance on balance tests for the overweight category. These results reflect the particularities of the studied group and cannot be generalized for the university population, especially due to the numerically reduced group of underweight people.

Keywords
students
balance tests
BMI levels
postural stability
Figures
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