IMR Press / JOMH / Volume 18 / Issue 7 / DOI: 10.31083/j.jomh1807148
Open Access Original Research
Influence of Upper and Lower Body Anthropometric Measures on An Aggregate Physical Performance Score in Young Elite Male Soccer Players: A Case Study
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1 Department of Computer Science, University of Pisa, 56126 Pisa, Italy
2 Nutrition, Hydration & Body Composition Department, Parma Calcio 1913, 43044 Parma, Italy
3 Nutrition Department, Spezia Calcio 1913, 19123 La Spezia, Italy
4 Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, 20133 Milan, Italy
5 Department of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases, Obesity Unit and Laboratory of Nutrition and Obesity Research, Istituto Auxologico Italiano IRCCS, 20095 Milan, Italy
*Correspondence: (Athos Trecroci)
J. Mens. Health 2022, 18(7), 148;
Submitted: 5 March 2022 | Revised: 21 March 2022 | Accepted: 25 March 2022 | Published: 6 July 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sports training, recovery and nutrition in male athletes)
Copyright: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.

Background: The present study aimed to determine the association of anthropometry-based characteristics with an aggregate score (AS) of physical performance in young elite soccer players. Methods: Sixteen under 15 elite players were enrolled. Among numerous anthropometrics variables, upper arm contracted (UACC) and relaxed circumference (UARC), corrected arm muscle area (AMAcorr), arm muscle circumference (AMC), thigh muscle circumference (TMC) and suprapatellar girths were also employed in this study. Players’ physical performance was assessed by the change of direction (COD), 10 m and 20 m sprint, countermovement jump (CMJ) test, sprint with 90 turns (with ball), and yo-yo intermittent recovery test level 1 (Yo-Yo IRT1). The AS was computed by Principal Components Analysis technique with one component on normalized performance results. A stepwise regression analysis was conducted to assess potential association between anthropometry-based variables and AS. Results: Large negative correlations (r < –0.68) of AS with UACC, UARC, AMAcorr, and AMC were detected. UACC and TMC permits to accurately estimate AS explaining 60% of the total variance (p < 0.001). Conclusions: These findings demonstrated the importance of including anthropometry-based measures of both upper and lower body to the physical performance potential expressed by AS in elite youth soccer.

body composition
physical performance
Fig. 1.
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