IMR Press / JOMH / Volume 18 / Issue 6 / DOI: 10.31083/j.jomh1806140
Open Access Original Research
A Proposal for the Use of Craniosacral Therapy in Firefighter Cadets to Decrease Cortisol Levels and Improve Postural Stability—A Randomized Trial
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1 Institute of Health Sciences, Hipolit Cegielski State University of Applied Sciences, 62-200 Gniezno, Poland
2 Department of Mathematical and Statistical Methods, Poznan University of Life Sciences, 60-637 Poznan, Poland
3 Department of Pathophysiology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, 85-094 Bydgoszcz, Poland
*Correspondence: malgo_wojcik@interia.pl (Małgorzata Wójcik)
J. Mens. Health 2022, 18(6), 140; https://doi.org/10.31083/j.jomh1806140
Submitted: 23 February 2022 | Revised: 28 March 2022 | Accepted: 12 April 2022 | Published: 15 June 2022
Copyright: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.
Abstract

Background: Stress is a physiological response to the mental, emotional, or physical challenges that people encounter. Reactions to stress are also associated with increased secretion of numerous hormones including; glucocorticoids, e.g., cortisol, catecholamines. Methods: The research aimed to check whether craniosacral osteopathic therapy performed over a period of five weeks would affect the values of cortisol level and postural stability amongst sixty firefighter cadets (aged 18–24; 21.63 ± 1.41), involved in rescue operations at traffic accidents (the firefighter cadets underwent qualified paramedic training). The participants were divided into two groups: craniosacral therapy experimental group (30 people) and a control group (27 people). Results: The obtained results show that craniosacral therapy can lead to lower levels of cortisol p < 0.001. It is difficult to state unequivocally that craniosacral osteopathic therapy influenced the values of postural stability; it was noted for the ellipse area in the group subjected to craniosacral therapy for the lower limbs with eyes open p-value = 0.0002. Conclusions: Craniosacral therapy may have a beneficial effect in reducing high cortisol levels.

Keywords
cortisol
postural stability
firefighter cadets
craniosacral therapy
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