IMR Press / JOMH / Volume 18 / Issue 5 / DOI: 10.31083/j.jomh1805112
Open Access Original Research
Predictors of mental health among male university employees during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic
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1 Human and Social Sciences, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi (UQAC), Saguenay, QC G7H2B1, Canada
2 School of Social work and Criminology, Université Laval, Québec, QC G1V0A6, Canada
3 Health Sciences, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi (UQAC), Saguenay, QC G7H2B1, Canada
4 Human and Social Development, Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue (UQAT), Rouyn-Noranda, QC J9X5E4, Canada
*Correspondence: (Danielle Maltais)
J. Mens. Health 2022, 18(5), 112;
Submitted: 25 November 2021 | Revised: 13 December 2021 | Accepted: 11 January 2022 | Published: 13 May 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue COVID-19 impact on men's mental health)
Copyright: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic forced university staff to change their work practices. This has had an impact on their work performance and has caused various stresses. Until now, little attention has been paid to males working in this type of educational institution. In this study, we sought to determine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on males working in educational institutions. Methods: A quantitative study with three phases of data collection was conducted at eleven Canadian universities. Between 264 and 371 males completed an online questionnaire with validated tests to measure their level of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress. Results: During the first year of the pandemic, anxiety and depression scale scores increased while post-traumatic stress scores decreased. This study also revealed that the feelings and meanings that males gave to the pandemic played a very important role in their mental health. Conclusions: University administrations should not underestimate the suffering that male employees may experience during a crisis such as the COVID-19 pandemic.

mental health
academic employees
post-traumatic stress symptoms
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