IMR Press / JOMH / Volume 18 / Issue 5 / DOI: 10.31083/j.jomh1805111
Open Access Original Research
Application of Functional Tests in the Prevention from Musculoskeletal Injuries in Young Classical Style Wrestlers
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1 Institute of Health Sciences, Hipolit Cegielski State University of Applied Sciences, 62-200 Gniezno, Poland
2 Department of Mathematical and Statistical Methods, Poznan University of Life Science, 60-637 Poznan, Poland
3 Faculty of Sport Sciences in Gorzow Wielkopolski, Poznan University of Physical Education, 61-871 Poznan, Poland
*Correspondence: malgo_wojcik@interia.pl (Małgorzata Wójcik)
J. Mens. Health 2022, 18(5), 111; https://doi.org/10.31083/j.jomh1805111
Submitted: 29 December 2021 | Revised: 19 January 2022 | Accepted: 5 February 2022 | Published: 13 May 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sports Biomechanics for Health and Performance)
Copyright: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.
Abstract

Backgorund: Wrestling is a contact sport with a high risk of injury occurrence caused by typical motor system dysfunctions. In wrestling training a high value is put on the development of power and muscle strength, however, a program aimed at improving motor control is not introduced. Methods: The study involved 25 men wrestlers from School of Sporting Excellence in Radom Poland. To identify musculoskeletal system weak links low threshold Performance Matrix Tests were used. An analysis of weak links occurrence in biokinematics chain was done using ANalysis Of Variance (ANOVA), location and direction of weak links occurrence was identified. Results: The low threshold tests provide the information that tested athletes (n = 25) have weak links in musculoskeletal system. Players training experience has significant influence on their occurrence Pr (>F) 0.01809. The values p3 = Pr (>F) 0.03215 and p5 = Pr (>F) 0.04042 reflect significant correlation with occurrence of weak links number in various places in wrestlers musculoskeletal system. The results Pr (>F) for training frequency, wrestlers age and sports level indicate no significant effect of these characteristics on weak links location in musculoskeletal system. Conclusions: Obtained results lead to the following conclusions: (1) training loads in wrestling cause weak links occurrence in musculoskeletal system among juniors; (2) wrestlers training in junior category significantly affects weak links occurrence in chain of musculoskeletal system in different locations; (3) wrestlers training frequency does not have a significant impact on weak links location estimated by low threshold tests.

Keywords
greco-roman wrestling
prevention
Performance Matrix testing
injuries
weak links
ANOVA
Figures
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