IMR Press / JOMH / Volume 18 / Issue 4 / DOI: 10.31083/j.jomh1804095
Open Access Original Research
Sociodemographic and Psychological Contributors to Quality of Life in Users of Anti-aging Cosmetic Products and Procedures
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1 School of Psychology, University of Minho, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal
*Correspondence: gracep@psi.uminho.pt (M. Graça Pereira)
J. Mens. Health 2022, 18(4), 95; https://doi.org/10.31083/j.jomh1804095
Submitted: 5 December 2021 | Revised: 17 January 2022 | Accepted: 15 February 2022 | Published: 7 April 2022
Copyright: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.
Abstract

Purpose: This study assessed the contribution of sociodemographic and psychological variables to quality of life (QoL) in male and female users of anti-aging cosmetic products and procedures, and the moderator role of age and sex in those relationships. Methods: 382 participants were evaluated on appearance schemes, aging perceptions, self-esteem, psychological morbidity, perfectionism and QoL. Results: Being male, married, professionally active and having a higher household income was associated with better QoL, while the usage of cosmetic products was negatively associated with QoL. Appearance schemes, psychological morbidity, perfectionism and aging perceptions (timeline chronic and emotional representations) were associated with worse QoL, and self-esteem was associated with better QoL. Sex moderated the relationship between perfectionism and psychological morbidity in both men and women but stronger in the latter, while the relationship between chronic aging perceptions and negative QoL was only significant in men. Age moderated the relationship between perfectionism and psychological morbidity, between psychological morbidity and QoL, and between aging perceptions and QoL. Conclusions: Findings may help guide psychological interventions targeted on the adaptation to the aging experience as means of promoting QoL. Thus, psychological intervention programs should address perfectionism, psychological morbidity and aging perceptions, being differentiated according to participants’ sex and age in order to promote a better adaptation to the aging process.

Keywords
cosmetics
appearance schemes
anti-aging products
quality of life
age
sex
psychological morbidity
aging perceptions
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