IMR Press / JOMH / Volume 18 / Issue 11 / DOI: 10.31083/j.jomh1811214
Open Access Original Research
Digit Ratio (2D:4D) and Performance of Chinese Elite Archers
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1 Sports Department, Beijing City University, 101309 Beijing, China
2 Graduate School, Capital University of Physical Education and Sports, 100191 Beijing, China
3 Sports Department, Jiang Su Fangshan Sports Training Base, 210049 Nanjing, Jiangsu, China
*Correspondence: (Yongzhao Fan)
These authors contributed equally.
J. Mens. Health 2022, 18(11), 214;
Submitted: 16 March 2022 | Revised: 5 July 2022 | Accepted: 7 July 2022 | Published: 14 November 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical and Mental Health in Sports)
Copyright: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.

Background: Previous studies have found a correlation between digit ratio (2D:4D) and performance in sporting events which require physical competence. Such correlation, however, has not been well studied in technique-oriented sports. This study explored the correlation between 2D:4D and sporting performance of Chinese elite archers. Also it provides some references for sports research in other fields. Methods: We conducted the study with 31 Chinese elite archers (15 males and 16 females) preparing for the 2020 Tokyo Olympic Games and collected their 2D:4D ratios by measuring their index and ring fingers. The study also asked them to take physical fitness tests including push-ups, decline sit-ups, half-squat and a 4000-meter run, and obtained their results in former ranking tournaments and Olympic elimination series. The study recorded every entry of data in a “mean ± standard deviation” (M ± SD) format and processed them in SPSS 24.0 to produce One-Way ANOVA and Pearson correlations. Results: Our study found no significant difference between varied sporting levels in the left 2D:4D, and between world-class and national-level archers in the right 2D:4D (p > 0.05), yet a significant one between left-right 2D:4D of world-class, national-level, and level-1 archers (p < 0.01). We also found no significant correlation between the left 2D:4D and specific physical fitness test results, and between those archers’ results. Similarly, there was a significant negative correlation between the right 2D:4D and specific test results (p < 0.05), and a strong negative correlation between that and results of ranking tournaments (p < 0.01) and Olympic elimination series (p < 0.01). Conclusions: Chinese elite archers with lower right 2D:4D are of better physical fitness and enhanced sport performance. Hence, the right 2D:4D may act as a critical indicator in selecting excellent archers.

finger length ratio
sports selection
Fig. 1.
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