IMR Press / JOMH / Volume 18 / Issue 11 / DOI: 10.31083/j.jomh1811211
Open Access Original Research
Health Perceptions of Korean and Japanese Adolescents During the Prolonged COVID-19 Pandemic: An Importance Performance Analysis
Show Less
1 Department of Physical Education, College of Education, WonKwang University, 54538 Ik San, Republic of Korea
2 Department of Physical Education, Graduate School of Education, Sogang University, 04107 Seoul, Republic of Korea
3 Department of Physical Education, Japan Women’s College of Physical Education, 157-0061 Tokyo, Japan
4 Department of Digital Business Japanese Jangan University, 18331 Hwasung-si, Republic of Korea
5 Department of Physical Education, College of Education, Korea University, 02841 Seoul, Republic of Korea
6 Department of Sports and International Studies, Ninppon Sport Science University, 158-8508 Tokyo, Japan
*Correspondence: (Chul-min Kim); (Yoshinori Okade)
These authors contributed equally.
§These authors contributed equally.
J. Mens. Health 2022, 18(11), 211;
Submitted: 28 June 2022 | Revised: 29 July 2022 | Accepted: 8 August 2022 | Published: 11 November 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sports, Exercise and Physical Activities during the COVID-19 Pandemic)
Copyright: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.

Background: This study compares and analyzes the importance and performance of Korean and Japanese adolescents’ health awareness in the long COVID-19 pandemic situation. Methods: A frequency analysis was conducted on data collected from 1341 Korean and Japanese adolescents in September 2021 through online and offline surveys to confirm their characteristics (reliability was verified through Cronbach’s α). A paired sample test was conducted to analyze health awareness differences and performance of each variable between Korean and Japanese middle-school students and between male and female participants, substantiated by importance-performance analysis (IPA). Results: First, Korean adolescents perceived importance for all factors of health perception greater as compared to their Japanese counterparts. Second, performance differences between Korean and Japanese adolescents were especially significant in hygiene management, disease management and physical activity. Third, in Quadrant 4 of the IPA matrix, there were similarities and differences in a particular factor of health perception between Korean and Japanese adolescents. On this basis, we proposed measures emphasizing the importance of health, to enhance Korean and Japanese adolescents’ performance. Conclusions: It is important for national government, public education institutions, and families to couple a therapeutic approach with a preventive and management approach that encourages periodic exercise, desirable diet, and adequate sleep when exploring measures to maintain and promote adolescents’ health.

importance-performance analysis
health perceptions
Fig. 1.
Back to top