IMR Press / JOMH / Volume 18 / Issue 11 / DOI: 10.31083/j.jomh1811210
Open Access Original Research
An Analysis of Difference in Preventive Health Behaviors for COVID-19 by Personality Characteristics in College Athletes
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1 Department of Sports, Kyungil University, 38428 Gyeongsan, Republic of Korea
2 Department of Physical Education, Chung-Ang University, 06974 Seoul, Republic of Korea
*Correspondence: (JeongHyung Cho)
J. Mens. Health 2022, 18(11), 210;
Submitted: 1 June 2022 | Revised: 2 August 2022 | Accepted: 10 August 2022 | Published: 1 November 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sports, Exercise and Physical Activities during the COVID-19 Pandemic)
Copyright: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.

Background: Due to the uniqueness of COVID-19 compared with other infectious diseases, the need for various countermeasures against it should be emphasized, and considering that most athletes are not allowed to wear masks during competitions, stricter preventive health behaviors for COVID-19 are required among these individuals. Therefore, in an attempt to yield data that may be used to increase the engagement in preventive health behaviors for COVID-19 among college athletes, this study investigated the differences in preventive health behaviors for COVID-19 according to personality types. Material and Methods: Based on the Big Five personality theory, the relationship between preventive health behaviors for COVID-19 and personality characteristics was tested. Data were collected from 65 participants (male: n = 53, female: n = 12) through a questionnaire survey. Results: The results showed no differences in preventive health behaviors according to demographic characteristics such as sex, grade, sports type, and career. The highest score for a personality type was for conscientiousness, and those with a higher level of conscientiousness, extraversion, neuroticism, and openness reported higher scores for preventive health behavior for COVID-19. Interestingly, those with low openness also reported higher scores for preventive health behaviors for COVID-19. Conclusions: These results are expected to be used as important information to restrict the spread of COVID-19 and promote preventive health behaviors among college athletes.

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