IMR Press / JOMH / Volume 18 / Issue 1 / DOI: 10.31083/j.jomh1801021
Open Access Original Research
A study of job insecurity and life satisfaction in COVID-19: the multilevel moderating effect of perceived control and work–life balance programs
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1 Department of Management Sciences, Tamkang University, 25137 Taipei, Taiwan
2 Nanfang College of Sun Yat-sen University, 510970 Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
J. Mens. Health 2022, 18(1), 21;
Submitted: 5 July 2021 | Accepted: 19 October 2021 | Published: 19 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue COVID-19 impact on men's mental health)
Copyright: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.

Background: The effect of COVID-19 on the manufacturing industry in China has resulted in increased employee psychological pressure and job insecurity. This study uses a theoretical model to identify the links between job insecurity and life satisfaction, and further explores the multilevel moderating effect underlying these links. Methods: Based on the conservation of resources theory, a hierarchical linear model is utilized to test the relationships among cross-level variables. The data comprises 528 valid questionnaires from 43 manufacturing companies in China. Results: The research results show that both perceived control (individual level) and work–life balance programs (organizational level) positively moderate the relationship between job insecurity and life satisfaction. Conclusions: This study contributes toward identifying the effect of employees’ psychological status and job insecurity on life satisfaction, and further confirms two different level moderators that alleviate the negative relationship between job insecurity and life satisfaction. Whether different genders have an effect on perception of life satisfaction is also considered, and the results show that men perceive significantly greater life satisfaction than women. Finally, based on the research findings, practical and theoretical implications are proposed.

Job insecurity
Life satisfaction
Perceived control
Work–life balance program
Multilevel analysis
Fig. 1.
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