IMR Press / JOMH / Volume 17 / Issue 4 / DOI: 10.31083/jomh.2021.074
Open Access Original Research
Assessment of semen parameters and Anti-müllerian hormone level in patients with chronic kidney disease on hemodialysis: a case control study
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1 Andrology, Sexology and STDS Department, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, 41511 Ismailia, Egypt
2 Ministry of Health and Population, Etsa Medical Center, 63759 Fayoum, Egypt
3 Clinical Pathology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, 41511 Ismailia, Egypt
4 Andrology, Infertility and STDS Department, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, 41511 Ismailia, Egypt
J. Mens. Health 2021, 17(4), 72–77; https://doi.org/10.31083/jomh.2021.074
Submitted: 28 April 2021 | Accepted: 2 July 2021 | Published: 30 September 2021
Abstract

Background and objective: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common health problem which is accompanied by considerable morbidity and mortality. Anti-müllerian hormone (AMH) is one of the hormones that are affected by CKD. The objective was to assess semen parameters and AMH level in CKD patients on hemodialysis.

Material and methods: This study was a case control study of 20 patients with stage 4 and 5 CKD on hemodialysis, attending Nephrology Outpatient Clinic and Renal Dialysis Unit of Suez Canal University hospital and 20 healthy fertile controls. Full history, clinical examination, kidney function tests and semen analysis were performed. AMH level in serum and seminal plasma was measured using ELISA.

Results: The mean AMH level in serum of case group was 3.35 ± 2.43 ng/mL versus 4.13 ± 3.17 ng/mL in the controls respectively (p > 0.05) while mean AMH level in semen of the case group was 2.13 ± 2.64 ng/mL compared to 9.37 ± 3.79 ng/mL in controls respectively (p < 0.05). There was a positive correlation between AMH in seminal plasma and sperm count, total sperm motility, progressive sperm motility and sperm viability, while the AMH level in serum was insignificantly related.

Conclusion: Semen parameters in CKD patients on hemodialysis were significantly poorer than normal controls AMH in seminal plasma was significantly decreased in CKD patients (stage 4–5 on hemodialysis) and significantly correlated with the semen parameters.

Keywords
CKD
Serum AMH
Seminal AMH
Semen parameters
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