IMR Press / JOMH / Volume 15 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.22374/jomh.v15i2.127

Journal of Men’s Health (JOMH) is published by IMR Press from Volume 17 Issue 1 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Dougmar Publishing Group.

Open Access Original Research

ASSOCIATION OF THE PERCEIVED SEVERITY OF THE HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS WITH THE PREVENTIVE INTENTION OF HPV INFECTION IN MALE ADOLESCENTS: A CROSS-SECTIONAL SURVEY

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1 College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
2 College of Nursing, the Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
3 College of Nursing, Woosuk University, Wanju-gun, Jeollabuk-do, Republic of Korea
4 College of Nursing, Eulji University, Daejeon, Republic of Korea
5 Department of Nursing, Inha University, Incheon, Republic of Korea
6 Department of Nursing, Woosong University, Daejeon, Republic of Korea
7 Department of Nursing, College of Nursing and Health, Kongju National University, Gongju-si, Chungcheongnam-do, Republic of Korea

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

J. Mens. Health 2019, 15(2), 47–57; https://doi.org/10.22374/jomh.v15i2.127
Submitted: 23 January 2019 | Accepted: 20 May 2019 | Published: 13 June 2019
Abstract

Background and objective

The human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is usually asymptomatic, may affect both sexes, and is easily transmitted. Providing male adolescents with information about HPV prevention before sexually active state is important. This study was designed to gain a better understanding of the perceptions on HPV severity, knowledge on ways to prevent HPV infection, and influencing factors toward preventive measures in male adolescents.

Materials and methods

A self-administered questionnaire was completed by students aged 13–17 years from six schools in Seoul and the surrounding metropolitan area, from October to December 2014. A total of 615 male adolescents participated in this cross-sectional survey.

Results

Only 58 (9.5%) boys had heard of HPV. They perceived HPV infection as a disease more severe in girls. Perceptions of HPV as a sexually transmitted infection (STI) in boys (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 1.79, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.00–3.19, p<0.05) and a cause of cancer in girls (AOR=2.69, 95% CI=1.26–5.84, p<0.05) were associated with the intention to maintain monogamous sexual relationships. Alcohol consumption was associated with the intention of postponing sexual intercourse (AOR=0.53, 95% CI=0.34–0.82, p<0.01) and having a sister was associated with the intention of being vaccinated against HPV (AOR=1.48, 95% CI=1.03–2.13, p<0.05).

Conclusions

Increasing awareness on the severity of HPV affected the intentions of male adolescents to prevent HPV infection. Efforts should be made to maximize awareness of HPV as a causative agent of cancer and a common STI in both boys and girls. Education materials on the influence of HPV infection and steps to be taken for proactive prevention should be included in school health subjects. Special consideration should be given for the preventive vaccination of male adolescents nationwide.

Keywords
adolescent health
papillomaviridae
severity
intention
sexually transmitted diseases
HPV
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