IMR Press / JIN / Volume 21 / Issue 1 / DOI: 10.31083/j.jin2101010
Open Access Communication
Cognitive estimation of speed, movement and time across the lifespan
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1 Centro de Investigación Nebrija en Cognición, Universidad Nebrija, 28015 Madrid, Spain
2 Department of Language and Culture, The Arctic University of Norway, N-9037 Tromsø, Norway
*Correspondence: (Jon Andoni Duñabeitia)
These authors contributed equally.
J. Integr. Neurosci. 2022, 21(1), 10;
Submitted: 26 March 2021 | Revised: 15 April 2021 | Accepted: 31 May 2021 | Published: 28 January 2022
Copyright: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.

We investigated the role of age and gender in cognitive estimation abilities. Participants completed two online tasks, where different categories of estimation were assessed (speed estimation by time and distance, and auditory estimation). Data from a total of 18886 participants (9911 females) with ages between 18 and 65 years old were gathered. Results showed variations in the estimation capacity as a function of age, with a slow but progressive decline. Estimates of duration and sound seemed to be more affected by age than estimates of speed and movement. Overall, male participants showed a better performance on both auditory and visual estimation tasks compared to females.

Cognitive estimation
Estimation abilities
Executive functions
Cognitive stimulation
Fig. 1.
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