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Selfish or Selfless: Focus on the Molecular, Biochemical, and Ecological Aspects of Vector-Borne Viruses

Submission deadline: 31 August 2022
Special Issue Editors
Saumik Basu
Washington State University, Pullman, WA, USA
Interests: Molecular plant virology; Plant-insect-virus-microbe interactions; Entomology; Community Ecology and Ecosystem dynamics
Shirin Parizad
Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agricultural Science and Engineering, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
Interests: Organic farming; Metabolites; Biofertilizer; Plant-vector-virus interaction; Plant pathology
Sayanta Bera
Department of Cell Biology and Molecular Genetics, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA
Interests: RNA structure; Cap-independent translation; Virus evolution; Phytohormones; Host resistance
Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The global economy suffers an annual loss of around $220 billion due to plant diseases (FAO). Currently, vector-borne plant viruses are of concern due to their frequent association with epidemic outbreaks in fields. They exhibit diverse modes of transmission and have profound detrimental effects on crop production. Insects, including aphids, thrips, leafhoppers, planthoppers, whiteflies, mites, and mealybugs, can act as virus vectors whose behavior can change in presence of viruses that may lead to either higher or lower virus transmission. On the other hand, plants respond to vector-borne viruses by inducing various defensive responses against both vectors and viruses. Thus, highlighting intricate interactions between vector, virus, and plants. The arm-race between the pathogenicity induced vector-borne viruses and the host defensive response determines the fate of virus infection in host plants.

Plants have evolved multi-layered defense machinery to counter vector-borne viruses that include (i) basal adaptive plant defense response i.e., plant antiviral RNA silencing (ii) R-gene mediated resistance (iii) phytohormone mediated defense, etc. Plants also accumulate various defense chemicals such as nitric oxide (NO), reactive oxygen species (ROS), secondary metabolites, and various defense plant volatiles in response to infection. Moreover, the effect of viruses on secondary metabolism is not limited to only resistant plants. The presence of different variants of viruses can also modulate the secondary metabolism of the susceptible host highlighting their critical role in the host’s susceptibility. Besides altering defense response, plant-vector-virus interactions alter nutritional traits of plants by modulating various amino acids level. The advancement of reverse genetic approaches, such as RNA interference and next-generation sequencing, provides new insights into how plants respond to complex interactions of insect vectors and viruses transmitted by them in food web ecosystems. New evidence suggests that the host-virus interaction is not always antagonistic and can change depending upon abiotic conditions, thus, ensures the sustenance of vector-borne virus infection in nature. Understanding various factors that influence plant-vector-virus interactions enables us to develop various sustainable management strategies against vector-borne viruses and boost agricultural productivity and the global economy. The objective of this special issue is to present a collection of both original research and review articles demonstrating recent advancements in the area of plant-vector-virus interactions. The topics of interest for this special issue include (but are not limited to) molecular, biochemical, genetic, ecological, and evolutionary aspects of plant-vector-virus interactions, identification, and analysis of factors affecting these interactions, and advancement of various methodologies for studying these interactions.

Dr. Saumik Basu, Dr. Shirin Parizad and Dr. Sayanta Bera

Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted via our online editorial system at https://imr.propub.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to start your submission. Manuscripts can be submitted now or up until the deadline. All papers will go through peer-review process. Accepted papers will be published in the journal (as soon as accepted) and meanwhile listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, reviews as well as short communications are preferred. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office to announce on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts will be thoroughly refereed through a double-blind peer-review process. Please visit the Instruction for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) in this open access journal is 2500 USD. Submitted manuscripts should be well formatted in good English.

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