Amino acids (AAs) are the building blocks of proteins and peptides in animals. AAs are also essential precursors for the syntheses of low-molecular weight nitrogenous substances with enormous versatilities and biological significance. Physiological concentrations of AA metabolites (e.g., creatine, nitric oxide, polyamines, glutathione, taurine, heme, homoarginine, thyroid hormones, and serotonin), peptides, and proteins are required for cell integrity and functions. Additionally, AAs serve signalling molecules and key regulators of gene expression and metabolism. Thus, AAs are vital to animal growth, development, health, and survival. Increasing evidence shows that animals (e.g., mammals, birds, fish, and crustaceans) have dietary requirements for all proteinogenic AAs for their maximum growth, optimum health, and resistance to infectious pathogens. Furthermore, animals have dietary requirements for substances [e.g., taurine, creatine, and peptides (e.g., carnosine and anserine)] that are present in animal-sourced foods but are absent from plant-sourced foods, in a species-, age-, performance-, and environment-dependent manner. However, elevated concentrations of some metabolites (e.g., ammonia, homocysteine, H2S, and asymmetric dimethylarginine) of AAs can contribute to metabolic disorders and chronic diseases, such as those in nervous, skeletal, muscular, circulatory, respiratory, digestive, urinary, reproductive, endocrine, and immune systems as well as in sense organs. Thus, optimal amounts and ratios of AAs in diets and the fine tuning of the regulation of AA metabolism are crucial for whole-body homeostasis and health. This special issue welcomes both review and original research articles related to nutrition, metabolism, and functions of amino acids and peptides in organisms of the animal kingdom, including farm (e.g., swine, cattle, sheep, goats, mink, poultry, rabbits, fish, shrimp, and crabs), laboratory (e.g., rats and mice), companion (e.g., dogs, cats, and horses), and zoo (e.g., pandas, giraffes, elephants, dolphins, tigers, and peacocks) animals, as well as humans, insects, reptiles, and amphibians.
Prof. Dr. Guoyao Wu
Manuscripts should be submitted via our online editorial system at https://imr.propub.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to start your submission. Manuscripts can be submitted now or up until the deadline. All papers will go through peer-review process. Accepted papers will be published in the journal (as soon as accepted) and meanwhile listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, reviews as well as short communications are preferred. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office to announce on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts will be thoroughly refereed through a double-blind peer-review process. Please visit the Instruction for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) in this open access journal is 2500 USD. Submitted manuscripts should be well formatted in good English.
Effects of dietary supplementation with N-carbamylglutamate on maternal endometrium and fetal development during early pregnancy in Inner Mongolia white cashmere goats
Effects of Long-Term Progesterone on Amino Acid Transport in the Porcine Uterus: Progesterone Alone Increases Transport of the Small Neutral Amino Acids Serine, Glycine, Threonine, and Alanine from Uterus to Lumen
Heewon Seo; Greg Johnson