IMR Press / FBL / Volume 8 / Issue 5 / DOI: 10.2741/995

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Rickettsial, ehrlichial and Bartonella infections of the myocardium and pericardium
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1 Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Bronx-Lebanon Hospital Center, and the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10457, USA

Academic Editor: Herbert B. Tanowitz

Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2003, 8(5), 197–201;
Published: 1 January 2003
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Infectious diseases of the myocardium)

Myocarditis and pericarditis are uncommon complications of human rickettsial, ehrlichial and Bartonella infections. Myocardial inflammation usually occurs in the setting of acute disseminated infection. Organisms associated with myocarditis include: Rickettsia rickettsii, R. conorii, Orientia tsutsugamushi, Coxiella burnetii, Anaplasma phagocytophila (the causative agent of Human Granulocytic Ehrlichiosis) and Bartonella henselae. Pericarditis has been described in the setting of R. conorii and Coxiella burnetii infections. This article reviews the epidemiology, pathologic characteristics, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment of myocarditis and pericarditis caused by these organisms.

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