IMR Press / FBL / Volume 8 / Issue 4 / DOI: 10.2741/938

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Article
Progesterone action in the human endometrium: induction of a unique tissue environment which limits matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression
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1 Women's Reproductive Health Research Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, USA

Academic Editor: William Okulicz

Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2003, 8(4), 78–86; https://doi.org/10.2741/938
Published: 1 January 2003
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Progesterone action and the endometrium)
Abstract

The endometrium is a unique adult tissue which, in the absence of pregnancy or disease, undergoes cyclic breakdown and regrowth approximately 400 times during a woman's reproductive life. The chances of reproductive success during each cycle depends on appropriate, cell-specific responses to steroids, including expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Normal endometrial MMP regulation in response to either estrogen or progesterone requires additional, cell-specific interactions mediated by various growth factors and cytokines. During endometrial maturation, progesterone, retinoic acid and TGF-beta act cooperatively, providing a remarkable biological balance to regulate expression of MMPs in the highly steroid-sensitive endometrium. Exploring the regulatory actions of locally produced growth factors and cytokines on members of the MMP family and their inhibitors will allow a better understanding of the unique physiology of the human endometrium under the influence of progesterone.

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