Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.
This chapter reviews the main data on the physiological substrates of auditory selective attention and their contribution to theoretical models of cognitive psychology. While event-related potentials, magnetoencephalography, and more recently neuroimaging techniques have provided fundamental information on the neural correlates of attention in the central cortical system, measurements of the frequency-following responses in the brainstem and evoked otoacoustic emissions at the cochlea strongly suggest attentional phenomena at the auditory periphery. We propose an adaptive filtering mechanism for selective auditory attention that can be flexibly and dynamically tuned depending on the attentional demand.