IMR Press / FBL / Volume 26 / Issue 6 / DOI: 10.52586/4927
Open Access Article
HSC70-JNK-BAG3 complex is critical for cardiomyocyte protection of BAG3 through its PXXP and BAG structural domains
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1 Cardiovascular Laboratory, Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Nantong University, 226001 Nantong, China
2 Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, 226001 Nantong, China

These authors contributed equally.

Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2021, 26(6), 102–113;
Submitted: 23 November 2020 | Accepted: 28 January 2021 | Published: 30 May 2021
Copyright: © 2021 The Author(s). Published by BRI.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license (

Notwithstanding previous studies have proved the anti-apoptotic effect of Bcl-2 associated athanogene3 (BAG3) in myocardium, the structural domains PXXP and BAG responsible for its protection are not reformed. Since BAG3 in cardiomyocytes is a new target for inhibiting apoptosis induced by hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) stress, we demonstrated that over-expression of BAG3 reduced the injury induced by H/R in either neonatal or adult rat cardiomyocytes (NRCMs and ARCMs, respectively) and PXXP and BAG domains play an important role in cellular protection in H/R stress. Apoptosis in cardiomyocytes induced by hypoxia-reperfusion was evaluated with propidium iodide (PI) staining, cleaved caspase-3, and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labelling (TUNEL) staining in cultured NRCMS. Either increasing expression of BAG3 or its mutants was performed to manipulate the level of BAG3. Co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) was used to demonstrate the complex that BAG3 is binding to HSC70 and JNK. PXXP and BAG domains of BAG3 played an essential role in BAG3 attenuating cardiomyocytes apoptosis induced by H/R through the JNK signalling pathway. The cellular protection of BAG3 with its structural domain PXXP or BAG is associated with the binding with HSC70 and JNK. These results showed that the protective effect of BAG3 on apoptosis induced by H/R stress is closely related to its structural domains PXXP and BAG. The mechanism may provide a new therapeutic strategy for the patients suffering from ischemic cardiomyopathy and may be a critical role of its PXXP and BAG3 domains.

PXXP domain
Fig. 1.
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