IMR Press / FBL / Volume 23 / Issue 8 / DOI: 10.2741/4651

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Review

Electromagnetic fields and optomechanics in cancer diagnostics and treatment

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1 Department of Physics, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 84156-83111, Iran
2 Institute of Science and Technology (IST) Austria, 3400 Klosterneuburg, Austria
3 Institute of Photonics and Electronics, The Czech Academy of Sciences, Chabersk´a 57, 182 00 Prague, Czech Republic
4 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Calgary, Calgary T2N 1N4, Alberta, Canada
5 Institute for Quantum Science and Technology, University of Calgary, Calgary T2N 1N4, Alberta, Canada
6 Biomedical Optics Research Laboratory, Department of Neonatology, University Hospital Zurich, University of Zurich, CH-8091 Zurich, Switzerland
7 Research Ofce for Complex Physical and Biological Systems (ROCoS), CH-8038 Zurich, Switzerland
8 Department of Medical Physics, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
9 Department of Oncology, University of Alberta, Cross Cancer Institute, Edmonton T6G 1Z2, Alberta, Canada
10 Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E1, Canada
Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2018, 23(8), 1391–1406; https://doi.org/10.2741/4651
Published: 1 March 2018
Abstract

In this paper, we discuss biological effects of electromagnetic (EM) fields in the context of cancer biology. In particular, we review the nanomechanical properties of microtubules (MTs), the latter being one of the most successful targets for cancer therapy. We propose an investigation on the coupling of electromagnetic radiation to mechanical vibrations of MTs as an important basis for biological and medical applications. In our opinion, optomechanical methods can accurately monitor and control the mechanical properties of isolated MTs in a liquid environment. Consequently, studying nanomechanical properties of MTs may give useful information for future applications to diagnostic and therapeutic technologies involving non-invasive externally applied physical fields. For example, electromagnetic fields or high intensity ultrasound can be used therapeutically avoiding harmful side effects of chemotherapeutic agents or classical radiation therapy.

Keywords
Electromagnetic Fields
Microtubule
Optomechanics
Cancer
Diagnostic
Treatment
Review
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