Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.
The kidney plays a critical role in the regulation of inorganic phosphate (Pi) homeostasis through changes in the proximal tubular apical membrane Na-dependent Pi (Na/Pi) transport activity. In response to alterations in dietary Pi intake and during the aging process, changes in renal Na/Pi transport activity are inversely correlated with apical membrane cholesterol content. Cholesterol regulates Na/Pi transport activity by fluidity-dependent and fluidity-independent mechanisms, including regulation of Na/Pi protein transcription, synthesis, and trafficking to and from the plasma membrane.