Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.
Molecular imaging provides the ability of simultaneous visual and quantitative estimation of long term gene expression directly from living organisms. To reveal the kinetics of gene expression by imaging method, often sustained expression of the transgene is required. Lentiviral vectors have been extensively used over last fifteen years for delivery of a transgene in a wide variety of cell types. Lentiviral vectors have the well known advantages such as sustained transgene delivery through stable integration into the host genome, the capability of infecting non-dividing and dividing cells, broad tissue tropism, a reasonably large carrying capacity for delivering therapeutic and reporter gene combinations. Additionally, they do not express viral proteins during transduction, have a potentially safe integration site profile, and a relatively easy system for vector manipulation and infective viral particle production. As a result, lentiviral vector mediated therapeutic and imaging reporter gene delivery to various target organs areas holds promise for the future treatment. In this review, we have conducted a brief survey of important lentiviral vector developments in diverse biomedical fields including reproductive biology.