IMR Press / FBL / Volume 16 / Issue 6 / DOI: 10.2741/3842

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Article
Functional characterization of MIMP for its adhesion to the intestinal epithelium
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1 Department of Surgery, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai, 200233, China
2 Department of Surgery, Shanghai, 200072, Shanghai Tenth People’s Hospital, China
3 INCELL Corporation, San Antonio Texas, 78249, USA

Academic Editor: Jie Zou

Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2011, 16(6), 2106–2127; https://doi.org/10.2741/3842
Published: 1 June 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Immunoregulation and inflammatory disease)
Abstract

The micro integral membrane protein (MIMP), the domain within the integral membrane protein of Lactobacillus plantarum CGMCC 1258, has been shown to adhere to mucin and antagonize the adhesion of enteroinvasive E. coli and enteropathogenic E. coli. To further characterize the functions of MIMP, we investigated its effects on the intestinal permeability, expression of tight junction (TJ) proteins and TJ ultrastructure in vitro and in vivo. We also determined the interaction between MIMP and dendritic cells (DCs). We observed that MIMP reduced intestinal permeability and restored the expression and distribution of TJ proteins in both NCM460 cell monolayers and in IL-10(-/-) mice. MIMP adhered to immature (i) DCs by binding to DC-SIGN, and induced DCs to produce anti-inflammatory cytokines and to mediate Th2 differentiation. Moreover, MIMP stimulated the expression of anti-inflammatory cytokines in colonic mucosa and attenuated colitis in IL-10(-/-) mice. In conclusion, MIMP is the main functional component of L. plantarum that contributes to its protective effects, and thus may be a potential therapeutic agent for intestinal diseases.

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