IMR Press / FBL / Volume 16 / Issue 5 / DOI: 10.2741/3818

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Article
Modulation of signaling between TM4SF5 and integrins in tumor microenvironment
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1 Department of Pharmacy, Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea
2 Division of Applied Life Science, EB-NCRC, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701, Korea

Academic Editor: Suresh Alahari

Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2011, 16(5), 1752–1758; https://doi.org/10.2741/3818
Published: 1 January 2011
Abstract

TM4SF5 is a transmembrane glycoprotein of the transmembrane 4 L six family, a branch of the tetraspanin family and highly expressed in many types of cancers. TM4SF5 induces epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) by morphological changes resulting from inactivation of RhoA mediated by stabilized cytosolic p27kip1. TM4SF5-mediated EMT can lead to loss of contact inhibition and enhanced migration/invasion, presumably depending on cross-talks between TM4SF5 and integrins. An anti-TM4SF5 agent appears to target the second extracellular domain of TM4SF5, which is important for cross-talk with integrins, leading to a blockade of TM4SF5-mediated multilayer growth and migration/invasion. In addition, TM4SF5 engages in cross-talk with integrin alpha5 to induce and secrete VEGF, which in turn causes activation of angiogenesis in endothelial cells. Therefore, TM4SF5 plays a central regulatory role in a wide variety of physiological processes through cross-talk with integrins. This review presents current knowledge from in vitro and in vivo observations of the roles of TM4SF5-integrin cooperation in hepatocellular carcinogenesis and discusses important areas for future investigation.

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