IMR Press / FBL / Volume 16 / Issue 3 / DOI: 10.2741/3731

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Article
Nanostructures in biosensor--a review
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1 School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Kyungpook National University 1370 Sankyuk-dong, Bukgu, 702-701 Daegu, South Korea
Academic Editor:Aihua Liu
Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2011, 16(3), 997–1023; https://doi.org/10.2741/3731
Published: 1 January 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nano-inspired biosensing and biodetection)
Abstract

In the 21(st) century, it is widely recognized that along with information technology (IT) and biotechnology (BT), nanotechnology (NT) will be a key field of science that will drive future developments. NT is expected to allow innovations in industrial fields such as electrical and electronics, biochemistry, environment, energy, as well as materials science by enabling the control and operation of materials at the atomic and molecular levels. In particular, the application of NT in the field of biochemistry is now enabling the realization of previously unachievable objectives.This review discusses the growth, synthesis, and biocompatible functionalization of each materials, with an emphasis on 1D nanomaterials such as CNTs, inorganic nanowires (made of Si, metals, etc.), and conducting polymer nanowires, along with 0D nanomaterials such as nanoparticles. This review also investigates the sensing principle and features of nanobiosensors made using the abovementioned materials and introduce various types of biosensors with nanostructure 0-D and 1-D. Finally, the review discusses future research objectives and research directions in the field of nanotechnology.

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