IMR Press / FBL / Volume 13 / Issue 15 / DOI: 10.2741/3113

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Article
DNA-directed assembly of protein microarrays
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1 Singapore-MIT Alliance, 4 Engineering Drive 3, Singapore 117 576
2 Department of Biochemistry, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, 8 Medical Drive, Singapore 117597

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Academic Editor: Chang Ming Li

Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2008, 13(15), 5755–5771; https://doi.org/10.2741/3113
Published: 1 May 2008
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioarray chips and their biomedical applications)
Abstract

Microarray technology has made it possible to simultaneously study the abundance, interactions, and functions of potentially tens of thousands of biological molecules. From its earliest use in DNA microarrays, where only nucleic acids were captured and detected on the arrays, applications of microarrays now extend to those involving biomolecules such as antibodies, proteins, peptides, and carbohydrates. In contrast to the relative robustness of DNA microarrays, the use of such chemically diverse biomolecules on microarray formats presents many challenges in their fabrication as well as application. Among the many methods that have been proposed to overcome these challenges, DNA-directed assembly (DDA) has emerged as a promising strategy for the high sensitivity and multiplexed capture and detection of various analytes. In this review, we explore the challenges faced during the design, fabrication, and utilization of protein microarrays and highlight how DDA strategies, together with other recent advances in the field, are accelerating the development of platforms available for protein microarray applications.

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