IMR Press / FBL / Volume 10 / Issue 1 / DOI: 10.2741/1519

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Article
Impedance labelless detection-based polypyrrole DNA biosensor
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1 School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798
2 School of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798
3 Motorola Life Science, Tempe, Arizona 85287, USA
4 Motorola Life Science, Tempe, Arizona 85287, USA
5 Motorola Life Science, Tempe, Arizona 85287, USA
6 Department of Chemistry, University of South Florida, 4202 East Fowler Avenue, Tampa, FL33620-5250, USA
Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2005, 10(1), 180–186; https://doi.org/10.2741/1519
Published: 1 January 2005
Abstract

Microelectrodes were fabricated to study impedance labelless detection of DNA hybridization. The probe molecule was attached onto the platinum microelectrode surface by electrochemically copolymerizing pyrrole and the probe oligonucleotides. Measured impedance complexes showed that an electrochemical redox-reaction occurred and the electron-transfer resistance increased after DNA hybridization. It was proposed that the hybridization of DNA in the conductive polymer matrix slowed down the anionic doping/undoping process, resulting impedance changes for the target DNA detection. Impedance measurements were conducted at the complementarily hybridized probe oilgomer-attached polypyrrole film electrodes in different anionic solutions to exam the anionic effects. Results showed that higher concentration and smaller size of anions had the lower electron-transfer resistance. The results not only provide further evidence to support the detection mechanism proposed, but also offer a method to improve the signal to noise ratio for the DNA biosensor. The research also tested the specificity of the methods and experimental results, indicating good specificity of the method. A concept array chip was fabricated and used to demonstrate the capability of the labelless detection method. Nano-Molar concentrations were detected and showed fairly linear responses versus the target molecule concentrations. The method is simple and inexpensive. The technique based genosensors could have potential applications in clinical diagnosis, drug discovery, environmental and food analysis.

Keywords
Polypyrrole electrode
DNA biosensor
Labelless detection
Impedance measurements
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