IMR Press / FBL / Volume 1 / Issue 7 / DOI: 10.2741/A153

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Article
Management of benign adnexal masses by vaginal route
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1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 1996, 1(7), 12–15;
Published: 1 December 1996

Until recently, surgical treatment of a benign adnexal mass implied a laparotomy. In recent years, the development of laparoscopic surgery, as well as ultrasound-guided aspiration techniques, have significantly modified the treatment options for these patients. These procedures have shown considerable advantages. They have reduced surgical trauma and have shortened the hospital stay. We present the results of our experience on the feasibility of a trans-vaginal surgical approach for the removal of benign adnexal masses. This technique, using traditional and cheap surgical instruments, allows the surgeon to excise benign adnexal masses, by entering the peritoneum through the posterior vaginal fornix and thus avoids the trauma of laparotomy. Fifty-four patients were operated on by this technique at our Department. The mean age was 39 years (range 21-66). In all cases, the operation was completed by the trans-vaginal approach. The median operative time was 30 minutes (range 20-45), and no blood transfusion was needed. The pathological diagnoses were as follows: functional ovarian cyst; 19, endometriotic cyst; 18, dermoid cyst; 11, parovarian cyst; 4 and peduncolated fibroid of the uterine fundus; 2 cases. The diameter of the adnexal masses ranged from 3 to 10 cm (median of 6 cm). In 30 cases, a conservative surgery was done (including 2 myomectomies), whereas in 24 cases, the adnexectomy was needed. Median post-operative stay in hospital was 4 days (range 1-14). This study shows the feasibility of trans-vaginal surgical approach for benign adnexal masses. The advantages and limitations of this technique, as well as of the traditional and laparoscopic surgery are considered and discussed. We believe that the transvaginal approach could be useful and cost-effective for the treatment of selected cases of adnexal masses.

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