Frontiers in Bioscience-Elite (FBE) is published by IMR Press from Volume 13 Issue 2 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.
Cell-penetrating peptides: from cell cultures to in vivo applications
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Academic Editor: Darja Kanduc
The field of gene therapy is starting to move towards clinical applications but is currently limited by the lack of efficient delivery systems. Cell-penetrating peptides provide a means of cellular delivery for gene therapy applications as well as delivery of traditional drugs. Using cell-penetrating peptides a range of different cargos have been successfully delivered into a number of cell types, in vitro as well as in vivo. In this review we discuss uptake mechanisms of different cell-penetrating peptides, with or without cargo. The transition from in vitro to in vivo applications and strategies to increase the bioavailability of cell-penetrating peptides are also discussed.