IMR Press / FBE / Volume 4 / Issue 1 / DOI: 10.2741/e369

Frontiers in Bioscience-Elite (FBE) is published by IMR Press from Volume 13 Issue 2 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Review

Dietary patterns and prostatic diseases

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1 Department of Urology, University of Catania, Italy
2 Departement of Urology, University of Sassari, Italy

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Academic Editor: Fabio Galvano

Front. Biosci. (Elite Ed) 2012, 4(1), 195–204; https://doi.org/10.2741/e369
Published: 1 January 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary approaches to prevent chronic-degenerative diseases)
Abstract

Dietary patterns play a role on prostatic diseases in association with genetic, behavioral, occupational and environmental ones. Data from reviewed literature provide evidences of a possible relationship between dietary habits and the incidence of prostate disorders, even if it is not enough to justify a widespread adoption of new dietary habits. In this review the role of dietary patterns, including the use of supplements, in the prevention and treatment of the most frequent and known prostatic diseases, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer (PC) was analyzed. A limited number of well designed trials were identified in which diet and dietary supplement intervention appeared to slow disease progression. Although conclusive evidences are limited, the current data suggest that a diet low in total calories and fat, high in vegetables and fruits and that body weight control could be possibly effective in preventing prostatic diseases. On the other hand care must be taken to ensure that over-consumption of dietary supplements does not occur because it may be harmful.

Keywords
Prostate Cancer
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
Dietary Supplements
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