IMR Press / FBE / Volume 14 / Issue 1 / DOI: 10.31083/j.fbe1401004
Open Access Review
Nutritional status in the pediatric oncology patients
Show Less
1 Pediatric Oncology Unit, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, 00168 Rome, Italy
2 UOC of Clinical Nutrition, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, 00168 Rome, Italy
3 Università Cattolica Sacro Cuore, 00168 Rome, Italy
*Correspondence: antonio.ruggiero@unicatt.it (Antonio Ruggiero)
Academic Editor: Qingping Dou
Front. Biosci. (Elite Ed) 2022, 14(1), 004; https://doi.org/10.31083/j.fbe1401004
Submitted: 16 November 2021 | Revised: 28 December 2021 | Accepted: 29 December 2021 | Published: 8 February 2022
Copyright: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.
Abstract

Nutritional status plays a vital role in the growth of children. In pediatric patients, disease-related malnutrition is a dynamic and multifactorial process supported by several factors such as inflammation, increased energy expenditure, decreased intake or reduced utilization of nutrients. In pediatric patients with malignancies, sarcopenia may coexist with malnutrition, amplifying its negative impact on prognosis. Careful monitoring of nutritional status both at diagnosis and during chemotherapy treatment allows early detection of the risk and/or presence of malnutrition. A rapid and personalized nutritional intervention can improve adherence to treatment, reduce complications and improve the patients’ quality of life.

Keywords
Sarcopenia
Pediatric oncology
Malnutrition
Cancer
Children
Figures
Fig. 1.
Share
Back to top