IMR Press / EJGO / Volume 43 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.31083/j.ejgo4302042
Open Access Case Report
Uterine lipoleiomyoma: a benign entity with malignant transformation potential?
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1 Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, 300052 Tianjin, China
2 Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Science and Technology, 471003 Luoyang, Henan, China
3 Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Zhejiang Hospital, 310030 Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
*Correspondence: liuguoyan211@126.com (Guoyan Liu)
These authors contributed equally.
Academic Editor: Enrique Hernandez
Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 2022, 43(2), 363–367; https://doi.org/10.31083/j.ejgo4302042
Submitted: 9 January 2021 | Revised: 9 February 2021 | Accepted: 23 February 2021 | Published: 15 April 2022
Copyright: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.
Abstract

Background: Uterine lipoleiomyoma is a rare lipomatous variant of uterine leiomyoma composed of a variable mixture of mature smooth muscle cells and adipocytes, typically found in peri or postmenopausal women. Malignancies arising from the tumor have rarely been reported though it is considered benign. Cases: We present three cases of uterine lipoleiomyoma and review literature to explore its etiology, characteristics, diagnosis and malignant transformation potential. Conclusion: Imaging examinations especially magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) play an important role in preoperative diagnosis. For large size and rapid growth of lipoleiomyoma, malignant transformation potential should be considered and surgery is required. Follow-up is still necessary.

Keywords
Differential diagnosis
Magnetic resonance imaging
Malignancy
Ultrasound
Uterine lipoleiomyoma
Figures
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