IMR Press / EJGO / Volume 39 / Issue 1 / DOI: 10.12892/ejgo3722.2018

European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.

Original Research
Low rate of cervical cancer among women with rising incidence of cervical cytological abnormalities. The unlearnt lesson
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1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
2 The First Medical Laboratories, Amman, Jordan
3 Elite Moms Clinic, Amman, Jordan
4 Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Specialty Hospital, Amman, Jordan
5 Department of Biology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, The Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan
Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 2018, 39(1), 96–100;
Published: 10 February 2018

Objectives: Cervical cancer is preceded by a group of epithelial cell abnormalities. However, there is insufficient data on cervical abnormalities in Jordan and the Middle East at large. The current study aimed at determining the prevalence of different cytological abnormalities in women in Jordan. In addition, it aimed at assessing the age specific cytological abnormalities in these women and analyzing the changing trends of epithelial cell abnormalities in cervical smear over a period of 15 years compared in three periods of five years each. Materials and Methods: 6,455 conventional cervical Papanicolaou (Pap) smear results obtained between January 2000 and December 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Out of the 6,454 Pap smears analyzed, 5,645 (87.5%) were found adequate for reporting. A total number of 801 (14.2 %) cases had cervical epithelial abnormalities. A significant increase in cytological abnormalities was observed between 2000 and 2014. In addition, a significant increasing trend in cervical cytological abnormalities was noted between 2000 and 2014. The highest percentage of cytological abnormalities (20.1%) was found in women younger than 25 years old. In all of the age groups, the low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL) cytological abnormality was the most prevalent. Conclusions: Invasive cervical cancer is still a killer for young women in the developing countries. The present study may reflect a change in the sociosexual behavior over the last 15 years. The current work highlights the importance of awareness campaigns on the importance of cervical smear and the urgent need for initiating a cervical screening program in Jordan.
Pap smear
Cervical cancer
Cervical screening program
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