European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.
Myeloid sarcoma (MS) is a rare tumor mass derived from the extramedullary proliferation of blasts of one or more of myeloid lineages. It usually occurs at an anatomical site other than the bone marrow (BM). Among the anatomical site which may be involved, female genital tract is a rare localization. When MS follows a previous history of myeloid pathology it is usually associated to a poor prognosis. To date this disease was managed with exploratory laparotomy or with surgical debulking. The authors report a case of laparoscopic diagnosis of a pelvic myeloid sarcoma in a patient previously affected by acute myeloid leukemia, evidencing the importance of minimally invasive diagnosis and subsequent multidisciplinary management.