IMR Press / EJGO / Volume 34 / Issue 6 / pii/1630906509339-1483678567

European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.

Original Research
When to perform palliative surgery in the treatment of ovarian cancer: a brief review
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1 Centro Oncológico Antônio Ermírio de Moraes, Beneficência Portuguesa em São Paulo, São Paulo
2 Disciplina de Endocrinologia Ginecológica do Departamento de Ginecologia da Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo
3 Disciplina de Ginecologia do Departamento de Obstetrícia e Ginecologia da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo
4 Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade Anhembi, Morumbi, São Paulo (Brazil)
Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 2013, 34(6), 532–534;
Published: 10 December 2013

The objective of this review was to address the main indications for palliative surgery in the treatment of ovarian cancer. Design: Articles from MEDLINE/PUBMED, EMBASE, and LILACS databases up to May 05, 2012 were included with no bars on foreign languages. The key words used were taken from the Medical Subject Headings and were as follows: ovarian cancer AND palliative surgery, ovarian cancer AND complications, and ovarian cancer AND intestinal obstruction. Subsequently, the references from the original articleswere also analyzed. Results: Among the complications developing in the course of malignant neoplasia, intestinal obstruction stands out as the main indication for palliative surgery, which may also be indicated for rectovaginal and enterovaginal fistulas, as well as for genital and lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Conclusion: Although incurable, the patients with complications due to ovarian cancer may have an extended survival and an improved quality of life with palliative surgery for the following reasons: a) improvement in the nutritional state after treatment for intestinal obstruction due to the possibility of oral nutrition; and b) improvement in clinical conditions, allowing for palliative chemotherapy.
Ovarian cancer
Ovarian neoplasia
Palliative surgery
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