IMR Press / EJGO / Volume 33 / Issue 1 / pii/1631086197927-1331482636

European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.

Original Research
Could endometrial cytology be helpful in detecting endometrial malignancies?
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1 Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Foggia
2 Department of Clinical Pathology, Operative Unit of Pathology, ASUR 9, Marche
3 Department of Woman’s Health, Sapienza University, Rome (Italy)
Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 2012, 33(1), 60–61;
Published: 10 February 2012

This short communication assesses the concordance indexes between hysteroscopic biopsies and endometrial cytology for each endometrial pattern found in a sample of 37 women. Patients underwent endometrial cytology under sonographic guidance. The specimens were obtained with an endocervical brush and were fixed on slides (no liquid-based methods). After endometrial cytology, hysteroscopy with biopsy was performed. The best concordance index was found for endometrial malignancies, suggesting that endometrial cytology is able to detect cancers but not other endometrial diseases, as compared with endometrial hysteroscopic biopsies. Therefore, the overall concordance index suggests a fair concordance between histological and cytological findings. This leads us to conclude that usual endometrial cytology should not be recommended to screen endometrial diseases, but it may be used as an alternative diagnostic tool when hysteroscopic biopsies or other blinded procedures for endometrial sampling are unwanted, because it allows malignancies to be detected as well as hysteroscopic-guided biopsies.
Endometrial cytology
Endometrial biopsy
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