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European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.
Importance of office hysteroscopy screening to diagnose endometrial carcinoma in menopausal women
A. Tripodi1, C. De Salvo1,*, C. Ermio2, D. Manuzio1, G. Romeo1, P. Vadalà Vadalà1
1 Gynaecology and Obstetrics, “Bianchi-Melacrino-Morelli” Hospital, Reggio Calabria
2 Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Lamezia Terme Hospital, Reggio Calabria (Italy)
Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 2011, 32(3), 303–306;
Published: 10 June 2011
Uterine cancer is today the upcoming neoplasia in gynaecological oncology. In Western countries endometrial cancer is mostly diagnosed after menopause and often becomes apparent with atypical uterine bleeding. Because of the great importance of such disease a series of accurate diagnostic analyses which require an adequate expenditure by hospital structures become necessary. Transvaginal sonography (TVS) remains the first choice to diagnose atypical bleeding because it is less invasive and highly bearable by the patients. TVS exam allows the selection of all patients who have an endometrial thickness more than 5 mm and/or with an inhomogeneous endometrial line thickness, who would then undergo further analyses. To achieve the diagnosis, office hysteroscopy carried out in an outpatient departments, is the most useful exam. Such exam allows a complete overview of the uterine cavity with possible detection of smaller lesions and a specific sampling of histological material. Hysteroscopy is today an indispensable aid in last resort diagnosis of endometrial cancer and is highly tolerated by patients.