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European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.
Small cell carcinoma of the ovary successfully treated with radiotherapy only after surgery: case report
L. Baeyens1,*, S. Amat2, K. Vanden Houte3, P. Vanhoutte4, M. L’Hermite2
1 Division of Gynecological Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, CHU Brugmann, Vrije Universiteit Brussel
2 Division of Gynecological Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, CHU Brugmann, Université Libre de Bruxelles
3 Department of Pathology, CHU Brugmann, Vrije Universiteit Brussel
4 Department of Radiotherapy, Institut J. Bordet, Université Libre de Bruxelles (Belgium)
Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 2008, 29(5), 535–537;
Published: 10 October 2008
Small cell ovarian tumors are rare and highly malignant, occurring mainly in young patients. Early mortality is high due to the lack of an effective treatment. The first adjuvant therapy is usually chemotherapy. Case: During laparotomy for renal transplant in a 17-year-old girl, the right ovary exhibited a suspicious mass, whose pathological diagnosis was Stage 1A small cell ovarian tumor. Prognosis was poor (young age, hypercalcemia, tumor > 10 cm, and presence of large cells). Since chemotherapy is contraindicated for dialysed patients, only radiotherapy was given. The patient is still alive and disease-free ten years after diagnosis. Conclusion: This is the first case with a poor prognosis reported in the literature that has been successfully cured by surgery plus adjuvant radiotherapy only.