IMR Press / EJGO / Volume 28 / Issue 6 / pii/2007209

European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.

Original Research

Urban-rural differences in gynaecological cancer occurrence in a central region of Italy: 1978-1982 and 1998-2002

Show Less
1 Umbrian Population Cancer Registry, Department of Medical-Surgical Specialties and Public Health, Public Health Section, University of Perugia, Italy
Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 2007, 28(6), 468–472;
Published: 10 December 2007

Differences in gynaecological cancer incidence and mortality in the urban and rural areas of the Umbria region (central Italy) were investigated. All women with primary invasive breast cancers, uterine cervix and uterine corpus, and ovarian cancers diagnosed dur­ing the periods 1978-1982 and 1998-2002 were identified and analysed according to place of residence (either urban or rural). Mortality data were supplied by the National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT) for the period 1978 to 1982, whereas for the 1994-2002 period they were supplied by the Regional Nominative Causes of Death Registry (ReNCaM). Incident cases considered were taken from an ad hoc survey for the first period and from the Umbrian Population Cancer Registry database for the second one. For each site the age-adjusted incidence (AAIR) and mortality (AADR) rates were calculated. The expected number of rural cases was obtained from indirect standardisation with urban incidence and mortality rates of several sites. The significance of the observed expected ratios (SIRs for incidence and SMRs for mortality) and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals were based on the Poisson distribution. Urbanisation levels were established following the classification of the Italian Institute of Statistics. For all sites, excluding the ovary during the most recent period, the SIR relative to rural areas was below 1, but the rates were statistically signif­icant only for breast cancer in both periods (SIR 0.81, 95% CI 0.74-0.88 and SIR 0.82, 95% CI 0.77-0.88, respectively) and for cervix uteri in the first period (SIR 0.77, 95% CI 0.59-0.94). The lower breast cancer incidence in the rural area could also be due to less­er compliance with screening procedures which, up until 2002, were not provided in the form of mass-screenings throughout the region by the Regional Health Department. These results underscore the need for continued efforts to provide preventive health ser­vices to medically underserved women throughout Umbria, including rural communities. Underutilisation of preventive healthcare services may result in failure to identify healthcare problems that might be successfully managed with medication or lifestyle changes, as well as missed opportunities to prevent potentially life-threatening diseases.

Urban-rural differences
Gynaecological cancer incidence
Gynaecological cancer mortality
Back to top