European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.
Analysis of outcome of Stage I - III endometrial cancer treated with systematic operation omitting paraaortic lymphadenectomy
Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the outcomes of endometrial cancer patients treated with systematic surgery omitting paraarotic lymphadenectomy. Patients and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed a consecutive series of 84 endometrioid-type endometrial cancer patients at FIGO Stage I, II or III without grossly metastatic paraaortic lymphadenodes, who underwent surgery at our institute.
Results: Sixty-five patients (77%) underwent primary surgery with pelvic lymphadenectomy while the remaining 19 patients underwent surgery without lymphadenectomy due to severe medical complications or age greater than 70 years. The patients with high risk for recurrence were treated mainly by adjuvant irradiation therapy of the whole pelvis. The median follow-up period was 44 months The 5-year overall survival (OS) rate was 92%, 92% and 65% for FIGO Stage I, II and III, respectively. Recurrence was detected in eight of the 82 optimally operated patients (9.8%). Out of the eight recurrent patients, five patients had a recurrent tumor at extra-pelvic sites (chest or abdomen), two patients had a recurrent tumor only in a paraaortic lymph node, and one patient had a recurrent tumor only in the vagina. Thus, the recurrence rate was relatively low, with 2.4% relapse at the paraarotic lymph nodes, and 5-year OS rate appeared to be favorable. However, all the six recurrent patients who underwent adjuvant radiation therapy had distant recurrence. Conclusions: These findings indicate that omission of paraarotic lymphadenectomy may be acceptable for endometrial cancer patients without gross metastasis at this site, However, the high rate of distant recurrence after whole pelvic irradiation strongly indicates an urgent need to develop potent systemic adjuvant therapy, potentially by chemotherapy or chemoradiation therapy.