IMR Press / EJGO / Volume 25 / Issue 4 / pii/2004204

European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.

Original Research

Laparoscopic coagulation of the uterine blood supply in laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy is associated with less blood loss

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1 Department of Gynecology, Friedrich Schiller University, Jena (Germany)
Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 2004, 25(4), 453–456;
Published: 10 August 2004

Background: Does laparoscopic coagulation of the uterine blood supply decrease blood loss compared with transvaginal ligature of the uterine vessels? Methods: Intra- and postoperative data of 446 patients undergoing laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy at the Department of Gynecology, University of Jena, between 1998 and 2001 were analysed. In 213 patients the uterine blood supply was transected laparoscopically at the origin of the uterine vessels (LAVH type II) and in 233 patients (LAVH type I) transvaginally. Results: Patients in both groups were comparable with respect to median age, Quetelet index, and parity. The drop of hemoglo­bin between the preoperative day and postoperative day 3 was 0.8 mmol/l or 0.6 mmol/l for LAVH type I without or with BSO vs 0.3 mmol/l or 0.4 mmol/l for LAVH type II without or with BSO (p = 0.001), respectively. Median operative time was similar for both techniques: LAVH type I 136 min or with BSO 128 min vs LAVH type II 126 min or with BSO 131 min. The weight of the removed uteri was significantly lower in LAVH type I vs type II (220 vs 270 grams), but similar when LAVH was combined with BSO (160 vs 178 grams). The rate of intraoperative complications was 2.2% vs 0.9% between LAVH type I or II (n.s.), but 9% vs 3.3% for overall postoperative complications (p = 0.01). Conclusions: Laparoscopic coagulation of the uterine blood supply at the origin of uterine vessels is a safe technique which minimizes blood loss in LAVH. In patients with a low preoperative hemoglobin value this technique is indicated.

Laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy
Laparoscopic coagulation of the uterine artery
Blood loss
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