European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.
Primary small-cell carcinoma of the endometrium: Clinicopathological study of a case and review of the literature
Background: Small-cell carcinomas are almost always primary in the lungs and are highly malignant. These tumors may also occur in the female genital tract. However, primary small-cell carcinoma of the endometrium is extremely rare with very few cases reported in the English literature. This tumor may exhibit evidence of neuroendocrine differentiation and has a high propensity for systemic spread and poor prognosis. Case: A 55-year-old postmenopausal woman with primary small-cell carcinoma of the endometrium, FIGO stage Ib, underwent total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and sampling node biopsies of the parametrial spaces, followed by adjuvant combined chemotherapy. Conclusion: A case of small-cell carcinoma of the endometrium, is reported and its clinical, histological and immunohistochemical features are discussed.