European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.
Replacement of the uterus by malignant mesothelioma of the periteneum: A case report
Malignant mesothelioma of the peritoneum is a rare tumor that must be distinguished from the more common primary peritoneal serous epithelial neoplasms. We report a case of a 66-year-old female presenting with weight loss, anemia, and a large pelvic mass on ultrasound. At laparotomy a large (9x6.5x3.5 cm) mass in the anatomical position of the uterus was found in the minor pelvis. The uterus, tubes and ovaries could not be identified. Palpable paraaortic lymph nodes and liver nodules were found. Immunohistochemically the tumor cells were positive for cytokeratin, epithelial membrane antigen and vimentin-CEA, but S- 100 protein and Leu-Ml were negative. Remnants of the uterine corpus, fallopian tubes and ovaries could not be identified. The overall features were best regarded as malignant peritoneal mesothelioma. There have been reports of mesotheliomas involving the uterus. However, this is the first reported case of mesothelioma causing total replacement of the uterus.