European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.
Diagnostic and therapeutic approach to minimal breast cancer
The term “Minimal Breast Cancer” includes different neoplastic changes, the common characteristic of which is an high survival rate (90% of cases) when the treatment is early started. In all patients with palpable nodules and in patients “at risk”, thermography, mammography, xerography, echography and cytological examination by suction-needle, must be performed to rule out the existence of a “Minimal Breast Cancer”. The methods of treatment preferred by the Authors, according to the different types of pathological changes, are the following: a) through follow-up or, alternatively, subcutaneous mastectomy when a “lobular carcinoma in situ”; b) subcutaneous mastectomy and axillary emptying when the diagnosis is found in “intraductal carcinoma”; c) mastectomy, performed according to Patey’s technique, or removal of all the involved breast quadrant, axillary emptying and radiotherapy of the residual glandular parenchyma in case of ductal carcinoma or invasive lobular carcinoma less than 0.5 cm in diameter.