IMR Press / EJGO / Volume 18 / Issue 5 / pii/1997160

European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology (EJGO) is published by IMR Press from Volume 40 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.

Original Research

Computed tomography-detected hydrometra before irradiation for cancer of the cervix

Show Less
1 Departments of Radiology (Division of'Radiation Oncology); Obstetrics-Gynecology (Division of Gynecologic Oncology), Louisiana State University Medical Center Shreveport, Louisiana, USA
Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol. 1997, 18(5), 368–370;
Published: 10 October 1997

Objective: To describe the risk and outcome of women with pretreatment CT-detected hydrometra who were treated by radiation for cancer of the cervix. Methods: Between 1979 and 1995, 27 women with cervical cancer and a pretreatment CT scan of the pelvic cavity underwent definitive radiotherapy (pelvic teleirradiation and intracavitary brachytherapy). We compared the survival and morbidity in women with [n = l2] and without [n = l5] CT-diagnosed hydrometra. Results: Only one patient from the group with hydrometra was found to have pyometra. There were no statistical differences between the compared groups with respect to patient age, disease stage or applied total radiation doses. The estimated survival at 3 years was 35 ± 27% for women with and 56 ± 26% for patients without CT-detected hydrometra [p > 0.20] the corresponding morbidity rates were 25 ± 26% and 0% [p < 0.05]. Conclusion: The presence of hydrometra may heighten the morbidity risk even though pyometra is seldom observed in patients with cervical cancer treated by radiation.

Uterine cervix
Computed tomography
Back to top