- Miro Šimun Alebić, MD, PhDPodobnik Maternity Hospital, Zagreb, CroatiaInterests: gynecological endocrinology, assisted reproductive technology
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex disorder combining features of reproductive, metabolic and psychological disturbances. It is considered to be one of the most common conditions affecting 8-13% of reproductive-aged women. Patients suffering from PCOS cope with a spectrum of diverse symptoms and signs comprising irregular menstrual cycles, hirsutism, infertility and pregnancy complications, insulin resistance (IR), metabolic syndrome, prediabetes, type 2 diabetes (DM2) and cardiovascular risk factors, anxiety, depression, body image which compel patients to seek medical attention throughout their lifetime.
According to the ESHRE/ASRM 2003 definition, PCOS diagnosis in adults requires the presence of at least two of the following criteria – oligo/anovulation (OA), hyperandrogenism (HA) and polycystic ovarian morphology (PCOM), and the exclusion of other endocrinologic disorders presenting with similar clinical manifestations. This definition elicit the need for further refinement of PCOS patient categories into, at least, four different phenotypes. In 2018, clinical, biochemical and ultrasonic criteria for the diagnosis of PCOS are reviewed in order to provide guidelines for consistent and evidence-based care aimed to improve the experience and health outcomes of women with PCOS. However, further research is still needed especially in improving the accuracy of diagnostic criteria of PCOS as well the specificities of different PCOS phenotypes.
There is a huge pile of studies aimed to unveil the aetiology of PCOS. Studies focused on finding the link between genes and hormonal disturbances associated with predisposition for PCOS have identified over 200 candidates among which the majority is involved in encoding the androgen, LH FSH and leptin receptors. In genetically predisposed individuals, environmental factors such as diet, unhealthy lifestyle and infectious mediators are considered to be responsible for triggering the cascade of events leading to development of PCOS associated clinical and biochemical features. In this cascade, there are investigations attributing the pivotal role to insulin resistance. On theca-cells of ovarian follicles, insulin exhibits a LH-like steroidogenic activity enhancing androgen production. In insulin-resistant patients, excessive insulin levels induce amplified androgen production leading to aromatase inhibition and follicular arrest. Others identified ovary as the primary source of the disorder rather than the target of a neuroendocrine disturbance. The term functional ovarian hyperandrogenism (FOH) was assign to describe the suggested dysregulation of 17-hydroxylase and 17,20-lyase activities, two activities of the single enzyme cytochrome P450c17 (CYP17) encoded by CYP17A1 leading to hyperandrogenism and anovulation. Great work is still ahead in improving the understanding of etiology of this comprehensive syndrome.
The goal of this special issue is to provide well established and novel data from original articles and reviews dealing with the etiology as well as with the clinical challenges associated with PCOS.
Dr. Miro Šimun Alebić
Manuscripts should be submitted via our online editorial system at https://imr.propub.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to start your submission. Manuscripts can be submitted now or up until the deadline. All papers will go through peer-review process. Accepted papers will be published in the journal (as soon as accepted) and meanwhile listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, reviews as well as short communications are preferred. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office to announce on this website.
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- Evidence for Increased Expression of SIRT3 Associated with Hyperandrogenism in Granulosa Cells of Non-Obese PCOS PatientsShen Zhang, Wenli Deng, Qiongyou Liu, Wei YangClin. Exp. Obstet. Gynecol. 2022, 49(11), 256; https://doi.org/10.31083/j.ceog49112566Download34Views
- Health-related quality of life and binge eating among adolescent girls with PCOSLasma Lidaka, Gunta Lazdane, Anda Kivite-Urtane, Linda Gailite, ... Ieva StokenbergaClin. Exp. Obstet. Gynecol. 2022, 49(3), 57; https://doi.org/10.31083/j.ceog490305772Download197Views
- Hormonal status and bone turnover in adolescents with polycystic ovarian syndromeDiana Hristova, Georgi KirilovClin. Exp. Obstet. Gynecol. 2022, 49(2), 56; https://doi.org/10.31083/j.ceog490205643Download1Citations200Views
- Health-Related Quality of Life in perimenopausal women with PCOSMaria Forslund, Kerstin Landin-Wilhelmsen, Emily Krantz, Penelope Trimpou, ... Eva DahlgrenClin. Exp. Obstet. Gynecol. 2022, 49(2), 52; https://doi.org/10.31083/j.ceog490205240Download181Views
- Endometrial receptivity and PCOS; endometrial gene expression specificities — literature reviewMiro Šimun AlebićClin. Exp. Obstet. Gynecol. 2022, 49(2), 48; https://doi.org/10.31083/j.ceog490204867Download2Citations235Views